The war was fought by the Allies on one side, and the Central Powers on the other. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers or involved so many in the field of battle. By its end, the war had become the second bloodiest conflict in recorded history.
Spanish Civil War The bombing of Guernica induring the Spanish Civil Warsparked Europe-wide fears that the next war would be based on bombing of cities with very high civilian casualties.
When civil war broke out in Spain, Hitler and Mussolini lent military support to the Nationalist rebelsled by General Francisco Franco. The Soviet Union supported the existing government, the Spanish Republic.
Over 30, foreign volunteers, known as the International Brigadesalso fought against the Nationalists. Both Germany and the Soviet Union used this proxy war as an opportunity to test in combat their most advanced weapons and tactics.
The Nationalists won Wwii timeline civil war in April ; Franco, now dictator, remained officially neutral during World War II but Wwii timeline favoured the Axis. The Japanese continued to push the Chinese forces back, capturing the capital Nanking in December After the fall of Nanking, tens of thousands if not hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians and disarmed combatants were murdered by the Japanese.
With the Japanese defeat at Khalkin Gol inthe ongoing Second Sino-Japanese War  and ally Nazi Germany pursuing neutrality with the Soviets, this policy would prove difficult to maintain.
Japan and the Soviet Union eventually signed a Neutrality Pact in Apriland Japan adopted the doctrine of Nanshin-ronpromoted by the Navy, which took its focus southward, eventually leading to its war with the United States and the Western Allies.
In MarchGermany annexed Austriaagain provoking little response from other European powers. Soon the United Kingdom and France followed the counsel of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and conceded this territory to Germany in the Munich Agreementwhich was made against the wishes of the Czechoslovak government, in exchange for a promise of no further territorial demands.
In subsequent speeches Hitler attacked British and Jewish "war-mongers" and in January secretly ordered a major build-up of the German navy to challenge British naval supremacy. In MarchGermany invaded the remainder of Czechoslovakia and subsequently split it into the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and a pro-German client statethe Slovak Republic.
In August 23, when tripartite negotiations about a military alliance between France, the United Kingdom and Soviet Union stalled,  the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Germany. Immediately after that, Hitler ordered the attack to proceed on 26 August, but upon hearing that the United Kingdom had concluded a formal mutual assistance pact with Poland, and that Italy would maintain neutrality, he decided to delay it.
The United Kingdom responded with an ultimatum to Germany to cease military operations, and on 3 September, after the ultimatum was ignored, France, the United Kingdom, Australiaand New Zealand declared war on Germany. The alliance provided no direct military support to Poland, outside of a cautious French probe into the Saarland.
The Polish counter offensive to the west halted the German advance for several days, but it was outflanked and encircled by the Wehrmacht.
Remnants of the Polish army broke through to besieged Warsaw. On 17 Septemberafter signing a cease-fire with Japanthe Soviets invaded Eastern Poland  under a pretext that the Polish state had ostensibly ceased to exist. Despite the military defeat, the Polish government never surrendered.You just clipped your first slide!
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A bizarre image of one of history's biggest tyrants - surrounded by children on his 50th birthday. @ World War II Adolf Hitler Timeline. September 30 – Hitler signs the “Munich Agreement” with the leaders of England, France and Italy.
This act of so-called Allied “appeasement” paved the way for the German invasion of Czechoslovakia. Sequence of events of World War II in the Pacific, - World War II was the biggest and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries.
Sparked by the Nazi invasion of Poland, the war dragged on for six bloody years until the Allies. More detail to the websites timelines has recently been added, particularly those for and which have received a lot if new data. Work also continues on other projects, one of which is a timeline of events immediatley after World War 1.
For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the World War II - Timeline webquest print page. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at World War II - Timeline.
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