Depictions of Sex The many phallus symbols embedded in to the walls of walls of the city thoroughfares have been crudely analyzed as clever directional arrows pointing to Brothels or marking the brothels themselves.
Merchants as well as locals could be rich or poor Trade groups and guilds Most trades were open to both sexes.
Some trades were exclusive to men, eg politics. Trade groups and guilds were likely for plebeians or freed slaves. Foreigners could take local residence and patronage of a local nobleman.
Likely arrived via maritime trade routes. Religion Both male and females could follow the traditional religions. The head of the family pater familias was responsible for family rites ancestors. As such they implied belonging to or being heavily sponsored by the elite.
There are a number of examples of how this multicultural assemblage reflected itself in the development of the city: Architecture including the palaestra, baths and theatre Established trade with a broad variety or regions across the Mediterranean, ranging from Gaul to the eastern Hellenic Mediterranean and Egypt.
As in other Roman cities this provided a clear path accessible to almost all citizens who could therefore aspire to climb the social ladder. Of course things are never a clear black and white: And even other lower class citizens might find it prohibitive since a degree of personal wealth was required which implied that in reality political tenure was generally for the rich.
Society was not only split into rich and poor or upper class and lower class, but also in more articulated sub groups, such as groups of supporters at the games, crafts and guilds like the fullers, bakers or muleteers see below or indeed by religious belief. Nowadays we can visit Pompeii and see how the house of Gaius Julius Polibius has been restored and made part of a hi-tech tour holograms and all!
He was a libertus — a freed slave — His bakeries had made him rich and he was very active in society. At the time of the eruption he was candidate for political office.
In a touching example of the public and private spheres of a single family, excavation of his house in the town centre brought a room to light within which the skeletons of 13 people were found.
Two of them holding hands, another aged 16 or 17 was pregnant. DNA analysis has shown them all to belong to the same family. He gets good bread. They tell us about Polybius the nouveau riche baker who had aspired to being elected aedile and duovir presumably at different timesthe fact that they are written at all suggests that the broader population actively participated and made a difference in such elections, they tell us that there was obviously an open choice of breads and opinion as to what was a good or bad bread: Graffiti We have numerous graffiti on walls with messages of different natures, some are testimony of everyday life others are closer to political and electoral manifestos such as the examples above.
Commemorative plaques which give a clear testimony of the patronage activity from the broadest cross-section of society: We find these on monuments On gravestones Wax tablets An amazing example is a series of over wax tablets belonging to Lucius Caecilius Secundus — a banker.
Sufficient in number to give a statistical feel of the type and spread of business a middleman such as himself might have been involved in. They were found buried as a result of the earthquake which had hit the city in the year Ancient Roman Homes Domus In ancient Rome, the domus was the type of house occupied by the upper classes and some wealthy freedmen during the Republican and Imperial eras.
Feb 17, · Pompeii - AD 79; Pompeii was buried - although not, as we now know, destroyed - when the nearby, supposedly extinct, volcano Vesuvius erupted in . A third social class in Roman society was the slaves.
Around one third of the people living in Rome were slaves. One of Rome's most famous senators, Cicero, was a plebeian. Social class in ancient Rome was hierarchical, but there were multiple and overlapping social hierarchies, and an individual's relative position in one might be higher or lower than in another.
The status of freeborn Romans during the Republic was established by. Multiple-occupancy “house tombs,” popular in the last century of Pompeii’s existence, contained the cremated remains of various members of a single family or social group.
These lower-cost tombs had brief inscriptions about the deceased persons and small niches held . Many written and archaeological sources have revealed different information about the social structure in Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Pompeii and Herculaneum housed over 10 to 20 people, all separating into three main social classes; Freeborn, Freedmen and Slaves.