Korean war essay introduction

Definitions of Japanese war crimes SoochowChina, A ditch full of the bodies of Chinese civilians killed by Japanese soldiers. War crimes have been defined by the Tokyo Charter as "violations of the laws or customs of war ," [17] which includes crimes against enemy combatants and enemy non-combatants. They have been accused of conducting a series of human rights abuses against civilians and prisoners of war throughout East Asia and the western Pacific region.

Korean war essay introduction

When someone mentions the Korean War, everyone knows that it was a civil war between the North and the South Korea. But, do you know the origin of how it actually got started? There are lot of things that happened, before the North Koreans decided to cross over the 38th parallel.

Korean civil war was just a small part of the whole war. The war also included more then just Koreans. In the nineteenth century, Korea was just a small peasant society that paid tribute to the Chinese. This small Korean society was nothing more then a part of an inward-looking pre-capitalist Chinese world MacDonald 3.

But when the Russia and Japanese imperialism made a huge effect on the China, Korea was able to come out of its isolation. By the end of the century, Korea had become a prize in a three-way contest between China, Russia and Japan.

InJapan defeated China, thus eliminating them from the contest.

Korean war essay introduction

Then inJapan defeated Russia, making them the dominant power in Korea. InJapan took over Korea and made them into a Japanese colony. Though Japan tried to pursue a program of modernization, Japans rule was generally unpopular. This created a Korean group called KPG.

This was a self-constructed group that later came to be known as the main source of resistance to Japanese rule in He later becomes the president of North Korea. After struggling for forty years as a Japanese colony, Korea now had to struggle as a pawn in the newly created Cold War Hastings The Americans decided to land troops to occupy Korea at the end of the war as soon as they found out that the Russia was interested in overtaking the Korea as their sphere of interest.

Though Pentagon decided that interest towards Korea was not going to be a long-term interest to the US, their view changed drastically within three weeks. On August 10,dropping of the Nagasaki bomb finalized the participation of the US occupation in Korea. Unexpected by the United States, Soviet Union agreed to accept the 38th parallel as their limit of advance Hastings Russia and United States met in Potsdam and decided that it would be for the best if they were to accept the surrender of the Japanese forces in Korea by dividing the country at the 38th parallel.

This event took place during the summer of Russia and the US tried to define the parameters of change, only to find out that they both supported the different sides. While Russia took the left, US took the alliance with the right. This placed the conservatives in control of the security device that was granted by the defeated Japanese.

Korean war essay introduction

Through this, Korea had unexpectedly found themselves separated. North Korea was now set up to work as an satellite state for China and South Korea was to become a free nation prepared by the United States. North Koreans were now heavily trained and now had an aggressive military force.

They were well equipped with Russian small arms, artillery, armor, and propeller-driven fighter aircraft Knox 3. By the balance power was moved drastically towards the North Koreans, making the South Koreans in a venerable situations. North Korea decided to unify Korea by direct military action hoping that United States would not interfere.

North Korea felt that United States would have too much too lose by interfering, so they went and decided to confront South Korea. During the period of June 15th through the 20thNorth Koreas secretly moved close to the 38th parallel with seven infantry divisions, one armored brigade, one separate infantry regiment, one motorcycle regiment, and one border constabulary brigade Knox 4.

North Korean forces consisted of seven divisions and five brigades, with an air force of Soviet-made planes. The main attack was down the Pochon-Uijongbu-Seoul corridor Knox 5. North Korean tanks participated in the operation, closing in on Chunchon.

By 9AM, city of Kaesong was caputred with some ten North Korean tanks participating in the operation. From the nature of the attack and the manner in which it was launched, it onstituted an all-out offensive against the Republic of Korea.

When the North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel on the 25th of June, it was more then just a struggle amongst Koreans. It was actually a clash between Russia and the United States. This war lasted until the year offinally coming to an end with the General Mark W. There were many different influenced that led to the crossing of the 38th parallel by the North Koreans.

When you break down the Korean War and see it for what it actually is, you can have a better understanding of what happened that let to the crossing of the 38th parallel on June 25, CIVIL WAR - Gettysburg Nov 19, Full text of Gettysburg Address (Abraham Lincoln).

54th. Mass. Volunteer Infantry Regiment Photographs, ca.


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In the year of , when the Korean War began, the world was suffering from the aftermath of the Second World War and finally converging into another global conflict: the Cold War. Korean War The Korean War was the first war in which the United Nations played a major role in.

It was also part of the cold war between the US and Soviet Union. One of the deadliest war in history, it took many lives in such a short span of time of three years.

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