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Background[ edit ] Animals had been used in aeronautic exploration since when the Montgolfier brothers sent a sheep, a duck, and a rooster aloft in a hot air balloon the duck serving as the experimental control. The limited supply of captured German V-2 rockets led to the U.
Air Force mile and the international km definitions of the boundary of space. The Blossom capsule was ejected and successfully deployed its parachute. The fruit flies were recovered alive. Other V-2 missions carried biological samples, including moss.
Albert II, a rhesus monkeybecame the first monkey in space on 14 Junein a U. Albert II died on impact after a parachute failure. Numerous monkeys of several species were flown by the U. Monkeys were implanted with sensors to measure vital signs, and many were under anesthesia during launch.
The death rate among monkeys at this stage was very high: On 3 Novemberthe second-ever orbiting spacecraft carried the first animal into orbit, the dog Laika launched aboard the Soviet Sputnik 2 spacecraft nicknamed 'Muttnik' in the West. Laika died during the flight, as was intended because the technology to return from orbit had not yet been developed.
The nose cone recovery parachute failed to operate and Gordo was lost. Monkeys Able and Baker became the first monkeys to survive spaceflight after their flight.
They withstood forces 38 times the normal pull of gravity and were weightless for about 9 minutes.
The monkeys survived the flight in good condition. Able died four days after the flight from a reaction to anesthesia, while undergoing surgery to remove an infected medical electrode.
Baker was the center of media attention for the next several months as she was watched closely for any ill-effects from her space flight. She was even mated in an attempt to test her reproductive system.
The mice were retrieved from the nosecone near Ascension Island and were said to be in good condition. Ham's mission was Mercury-Redstone 2.
The chimpanzee had been trained to pull levers to receive rewards of banana pellets and avoid electric shocks. A little over 3 months later the United States sent Alan Shepard into space. Enos the chimp became the first chimpanzee in orbit on 29 Novemberin another Mercury capsule, an Atlas rocketMercury-Atlas 5.
On 9 March the Soviet Union launched the Korabl-Sputnik 4 that carried a dog named Chernushkasome mice, frogs and, for the first time into space, a guinea pig. France flew their first rat Hector into space on 22 February Two more rats were flown in October A second cat was sent to space by CERMA on 24 Octoberbut the flight ran into difficulties that prevented recovery.
This spaceflight of record-breaking duration was not surpassed by humans until Soyuz 11 in and still stands as the longest space flight by dogs.Click "Correct" to open the "Correction form".
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