The model has a number of limitations, some general and some specifically relevant to applications in consumer behavior and marketing. These limitations are presented and discussed along with suggestions for research. Despite its underspecification, the model is seen as a useful framework and the authors propose a number of specific marketing mediators of elaboration likelihood.
Sarojni Choy The concept of integrating two sets of experiences implies a duality, that is, a consideration of the contributions of and relations between these two entities. For vocational education, it means accounting for experiences in at least two separate physical and social settings i.
These two kinds of settings exist for different purposes and have distinct goals, processes and practices aligned for their continuity. There are also other stakeholders who have an interest in the goals for and processes for realising vocational education, as well as an interest in securing their purposes.
National industry groups, employee unions and professional agencies seek to achieve specific outcomes for particular industries and workplaces.
As illustrated in the national cases presented in Section II of this volume, the dual set of experiences in workplace and educational institutions is now an increasingly significant and common feature and characteristic of vocational education.
This is the case whether it is enacted by upper secondary schools, specialised technical education institutions or universities. It is experiences in dual settings, the relations between them and how learners come to engage with and reconcile these experiences that make this form of education quite distinct from general education.
Thus, integration of these experiences is salient, including how provisions of experiences are enacted and experienced across a wide range of educational and work settings, and in quite distinct ways.THE SITUATIONAL CURRICULUM MODEL One model which seems to me to offer a very useful framework is the situational curriculum model proposed by Malcolm Skilbeck.
His model has two particular lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com · • Everything that goes on within the school, including extra-class activities, guidance, and interpersonal relationships. • Everything that is planned by school lausannecongress2018.com DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTpdf.
Lawton’s model () was a reaction against what he saw as the dangers of the behavioral objectives models.
This model proposes a curriculum planned on the technique of cultural analysis. Culture is defined as the whole way of life of society and the most important aspects of lausannecongress2018.com · EVOLUTION OF SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORY: A CRITICAL REVIEW Graeff,) or empirical investigations designed to test the propositions suggested by the theory (Blank, Weitzel, & Green, ; Goodson, () was relieving the major situational variable in the model, the maturity level of the subordinate, as the development level of the lausannecongress2018.com ( The Elaboration Likelihood Model (Petty and Cacioppo ) is discussed as a framework for understanding attitude formation and change with regard to products and services.
The model has a number of limitations, some general and some specifically relevant to lausannecongress2018.com The flexible model simply refers to another approach that is derived from other curriculum models.
For example, teachers can modify the specified curriculum elements all lausannecongress2018.com