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Origin[ edit ] U. The usage of the term in rhetoric suggests a human figure made of straw that is easy to knock down or destroy—such as a military training dummyscarecrowor effigy.
Person 1 asserts proposition X.
Person 2 argues against a superficially similar proposition Y, falsely, as if an argument against Y were an argument against X. This reasoning is a fallacy of relevance: Quoting an opponent's words out of context—i.
Exaggerating sometimes grossly exaggerating an opponent's argument, then attacking this exaggerated version.
Straw man arguments often arise in public debates such as a hypothetical prohibition debate: We should relax the laws on beer. No, any society with unrestricted access to intoxicants loses its work ethic and goes only for immediate gratification.
The original proposal was to relax laws on beer. In a appeal of a U. This was a straw man designed to alarm the appeal judges; the chance that the precedent set by one case would literally make it impossible to convict any bank robbers is remote.
In a televised response, he spoke about another gift, a dog he had been given by a supporter: And, you know, the kids, like all kids, loved the dog, and I just want to say this right now, that, regardless of what they say about it, we are going to keep it. This was a straw man response; his critics had never criticized the dog as a gift or suggested he return it.
This argument was successful at distracting many people from the funds and portraying his critics as nitpicking and heartless. Nixon received an outpouring of public support and remained on the ticket.
He and Eisenhower were elected by a landslide. Christopher Tindale presents, as an example, the following passage from a draft of a bill HCR 74 considered by the Louisiana State Legislature in Therefore, be it resolved that the legislature of Louisiana does hereby deplore all instances and all ideologies of racismdoes hereby reject the core concepts of Darwinist ideology that certain races and classes of humans are inherently superior to others, and does hereby condemn the extent to which these philosophies have been used to justify and approve racist practices.
Tindale comments that "the portrait painted of Darwinian ideology is a caricature, one not borne out by any objective survey of the works cited.
In subsequent debate, this error was recognized, and the eventual bill omitted all mention of Darwin and Darwinist ideology. The selection form focuses on a partial and weaker and easier to refute representation of the opponent's position. Then the easier refutation of this weaker position is claimed to refute the opponent's complete position.
They point out the similarity of the selection form to the fallacy of hasty generalizationin which the refutation of an opposing position that is weaker than the opponent's is claimed as a refutation of all opposing arguments.desktop version of over words to use instead of said.
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