The Vietnam War produced many indiscriminate killings, civilian casualties and war crimes. Perhaps the best known is the killing of Vietnamese villagers by American soldiers at My Lai. Operating under stress and with questionable intelligence and unclear orders, the soldiers entered the small hamlet of My Lai and began firing indiscriminately on people and buildings.
The unit met no resistance in My Lai, which had about inhabitants. Indeed, they saw no males of fighting age. They only found villagers eating breakfast. Nevertheless, over the next three hours they killed as many as Vietnamese civilians.
Some were lined up in a drainage ditch before being shot.
The dead civilians included fifty age 3 or younger, 69 between 4 and 7, and 27 in their 70s or 80s. In addition, Vietnamese women were raped; other civilians were clubbed and stabbed. Some victims were mutilated with the signature "C Company" carved into the chest.
One soldier would testify later, "I cut their throats, cut off their hands, cut out their tongues, scalped them. A lot of people were doing it and I just followed.
I lost all sense of direction. In one incident, a soldier, Robert Maples, refused an order to fire his machine gun on people in a ditch, even when his commanding officer trained his own weapon on him.
Hugh Thompson, a helicopter pilot, had threatened to fire on the American troops in order to rescue Vietnamese women and children from the slaughter. The My Lai massacre took place shortly after the Tet offensive. Charlie Company had arrived in Vietnam three months before the My Lai massacre.
Charlie Company had suffered 28 casualties, including five dead. Just two days before the massacre, on March 14, a "C" Company squadron encountered a booby trap, killing a popular sergeant, blinding one GI and wounding several others. The Cover-Up The 11th Brigade claimed to have killed Viet Cong during the operation, which would have been the largest number killed by the Brigade in a 24 hour period.
Curiously, the Brigade reported only 3 weapons captured. Even though he had personally seen at least bodies, he maintained that between 20 and 28 civilians had been killed by gunship and artillery fire.
That conclusion was echoed in a report submitted a month later by the commander of the 11th Infantry Brigade, Col Oran K Henderson. He claimed that 20 civilians had been killed inadvertently, The massacre was covered up until a year-old helicopter gunner in another unit, Ron Ridenhour, wrote letters to 30 congressional and military officials a year later detailing the events at My Lai.
The Peers report concluded that the brigade commander, Col. Oran Henderson, and the commanding officer, Lt Col Frank Barker, had substantial knowledge of the war crime, but did nothing about it. In the end, Army lawyers decided that only 14 officers should be charged with crimes.
Seventeen men had left the Army, and charges against them were dropped. Army investigators concluded that 33 of the members of Charlie Company participated in the massacre, and that 28 officers helped cover it up. Charges were brought against only 13 men.
In the end, only one soldier — Lt. William Calley - was convicted. Calley was charged with murdering villagers in the My Lai massacre.Former First Lieutenant (1LT) Roger L. Alaux Jr., a forward artillery observer, who was assigned to Charlie Company during the combat assault on Ly Mai 4, also took some photographs from a helicopter that day, including aerial views of Mỹ Lai, and of the Charlie Company's landing zone.
Viet Cong (VC), in full Viet Nam Cong San, English Vietnamese Communists, the guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late s–) and the United States (early s–).
Company commanders were ordered to engage with the enemy and destroy wells, livestock and food stores being used to supply the Viet Cong. When Medina relayed these orders to the men of Charlie Company, he did so ambiguously, causing considerable confusion about the mission’s exact objectives.
A history of viet cong and the charlie company Blared a headline across the top a literary analysis of the poetics by aristotle of Stars and Stripes front page Farther down analyzing the grapes of wrath by john steinbeck the page.
The My Lai massacre was one of the most horrific incidents of violence committed against unarmed civilians during the Vietnam War.
A company of American the Vietnam War. Charlie Company. Vietnam War Facts The Vietnam War is one of the longest military engagements in recent history.
The conflict raged on for nearly 20 years, November 1, to the Fall of Saigon on April 30,