A biography of peter the great russian czar

Title The imperial title of Peter the Great was the following: This position changed when Feodor died in As Feodor did not leave any children, a dispute arose between the Miloslavsky family Maria Miloslavskaya was the first wife of Alexis I and Naryshkin family Natalya Naryshkina was the second wife over who should inherit the throne.

A biography of peter the great russian czar

Moscow - 30 May 9 June Died: Petersburg - 28 January 8 February Reigned: Books about the "Tsar Reformer" continue to be written to this day, and we will hardly be able to describe here all of his many accomplishments and achievements. Petersburg, where he is rightfully lauded as the Founder of the City, and honored with numerous memorials.

Monument to Peter the Great on Senatskaya Ploshchad. In the background is the Ss. Alexey was succeeded by the invalid Fyodor III, Peter's eldest half-brother, who lasted on the throne only six years and died without surviving issue.

Although only ten years old, Peter was chosen by the Boyar Duma as heir over his other half-brother, Ivan, as the latter suffered chronic physical and mental disabilities. Ivan's sister, Sofia Alekseyevna, and her relatives in the Miloslavsky family were dissatisfied with the arrangement, however, and with the support of the elite Streltsy Guard fomented the Moscow Uprising.

In the subsequent rioting and violence, Peter witnessed the slaughter of several members of his family, including two of his uncles at the hand of the Streltsy. The result of the uprising was that Sofia became regent and Ivan was crowned Ivan V, sharing the throne as a senior partner with Peter.

Tsaritsa Natalya Kirillova shows Ivan V to the Streltsy to prove he is alive and well by Nikolay Dmitriev-Orenburgskiy Peter never forgot these bloody events and many historians believe that his complex, brusque but also energetic and decisive character was shaped by these childhood experiences.

Peter the Great

Peter spent his childhood and early youth in the village of Preobrazhenskoe, not far from Moscow, where he lived with his mother, organized "mock" regimentslearned to sail on sailboats, and only rarely traveled to Moscow for official ceremonies.

Inat the age of seventeen, Peter successfully removed Sofia from power, and at the urging of his mother married Eudoxia Lopykhina. The marriage was not a happy one: Many years later, Alexey was arrested, charged with treason, and died in the Peter and Paul Fortress under mysterious circumstances, while Eudoxia was divorced by Peter in and then forced to enter a convent.

Even as a boy, the youngest son of Tsar Alexey was naturally curious and drawn to learning, and he received his education not only from palace tutors, but also in German Town, a district of Moscow where many enlightened foreigners lived.

There young Peter became interested in the latest developments in science and technology as well as natural science, which until this point had never caught the attention of Russian Tsars. Peter the Great in foreign costume before his mother, Tsaritsa Natalya, Patriarch Andrian, and his tutor Zotov by Nikolay Nevrev Setting off to Europe in on the so-called Grand Embassy a large Russian delegation whose purpose was to find allies for the war with TurkeyPeter travelled incognito under the pseudonym of Pyotr Mikhailov.

In Prussia, the Tsar studied artillery and received a certificate as a firearms master, and in Holland he learned the craft of shipbuilding by working at the bustling Dutch docks.

Then he set off to England to study the latest advances in shipbuilding and industry. In London, the young Tsar visited the Houses of Parliament, and was quite displeased with what he heard as he listened to a session of the House of Commons through an "auditory window": As he travelled about Europe, Peter visited factories and libraries, listened to lectures at universities, and caroused with comrades, but this educational and entertaining voyage was cut short after 18 months by news of a Streltsy revolt in Moscow.

For the rest of his life, Peter the Great retained his love of knowledge, new technology, and of learned people, as is evidenced by his personal belongings, library and the interiors of his palaces. Portrait of Peter the Great by Godfrey Kneller Many volumes have been written about the reforms undertaken in Russia on the initiative of Peter the Great, and discussion about them continues to this day.

Some believe that these reforms allowed Russia and thereafter the Russian Empire to attain status as one of the leading powers in Europe. Others lament the loss of the unique cultural and spiritual traditions that had existed in Russia in the pre-Petrine period.

Peter the Great introduced the Julian calendar in Russia with its celebration of the New Year on 1 January, and the tradition of decorating Christmas trees. He also forced the upper classes to dress in a European style and to shave their mustaches and beards.

In order to create his own pool of broadly educated experts, Peter sent young noblemen to study abroad at the state's expense and personally kept track of their progress.

Foreigners familiar with the newest developments in military science were actively sought for positions as senior officers and generals, and the Tsar diligently recruited Russian experts in all fields, including shipbuilding, military affairs, the sciences, and the arts.Tsar (/ z ɑːr, t s ɑːr /; Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь [usually written thus with a title] or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern lausannecongress2018.com a system of government in the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire, it is known as Tsarist autocracy, or Tsarism.

Apr 29,  · Peter the Great ( – ) began as the Tsar of Russia and eventually became the Emperor. He was the grandson of Tsar Michael Romanov and was made Tsar when he was only ten years old. His early life was incredibly privileged and he was educated by several notable lausannecongress2018.com Power: Rasputin is best known for his role as a mystical adviser in the court of Czar Nicholas II of Russia.

A biography of peter the great russian czar

Grigori Rasputin was born into a peasant family in . Marjorie Merriweather Post was born in Springfield, Illinois on March 15, She was the only child of Ella Letitia Merriweather and Charles William ("C.

W.") Post. C.

External events

W. Post was born on October 26, , in Springfield, Illinois. A & E's Biography: Most Influential People of the Millennium --Musicians on the list are marked by an asterisk 81 Nelson Mandela (imprisoned leader against Apartheid) 82 Niels Bohr (atom) 83 Peter the Great (Russian Czar) 84 Marconi (radio) 85 Ronald Reagan (40th US President) 86 James Joyce (author) 87 Carson (environment.

Towering over his people, he was a physical giant determined to shatter tradition and force his nation into the modern world.

By the time Peter the Great was finished building cities and conquering nations, Russia had become a full-fledged empire.

MARJORIE MERRIWEATHER POST: a biography by Kenneth Lisenbee